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The Character of Christian-Muslim Encounter is a Festschrift in honour of David Thomas, Professor of Christianity and Islam, and Nadir Dinshaw Professor of Inter Religious Relations, at the University of Birmingham, UK.
Muammer İskenderoğlu 9 “Can You Find Anything Praiseworthy in My Religion?
” Religious Aversion and Admiration in Medieval Christian-Muslim Relations Charles L.
Rufus Rajkumar 20 Scholarly Reception of Alphonse Mingana’s ‘The Transmission of the Ḳurʾān’: A Centenary Perspective Gordon Nickel 21 The Role of Religious Leaders in Promoting Reconciliation in Sudan Sigvard von Sicard 22 Patterns of Christian-Muslim Encounters in Sub-Saharan Africa John Azumah 23 Italian Islam: Imam and Mosque Today Davide Tacchini Part 3 Looking Ahead: From Present to Future 24 The Current Situation of Christian-Muslim Relations: Emerging Challenges, Signs of Hope Jørgen S.
Nielsen 25 The Future of the Christian-Muslim Past: Reflecting with Charles Taylor on Interreligious Relations Damian Howard SJ 26 Ecumenical and Interreligious Dialogue: Towards a More Interpersonal and Spiritual Engagement Risto Jukko 27 Orthodox Christians, Muslims, and the Environment: The Case for a New Sacred Science Andrew M.
Uniformity is concentrated more or less in five “pillars”: the confession of faith; the prayer ritual; fasting during Ramadan; giving alms for the poor; and the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in one’s lifetime.
Some Islams add a sixth pillar–jihad, the internal or external “struggle in the path of God”–while still others substitute it for one of the other five.
There is also great disagreement among Muslims as to the practical meaning of jihad–particularly as to whether it refers primarily to inner struggle, directed against one’s worst impulses, or to outer struggle, directed against a society that refuses to allow Muslims to worship.
The history of Islam is replete with accounts of divergences in the theory and practice of the religion.
Pervez Amir Ali Hoodbhoy In the January 8, 2002, New York Times, Nicholas Kristof wrote, “There’s just one thing that most Americans and Osama bin Laden seem able to agree on: that the attacks on the World Trade Center arose somehow from Islam.” But is Islam an inherently violent religion?
With good reason many of us have been turning to acknowledged experts for help in clarifying what turns out to be a complex issue.