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Political factors As stated before, many major African political leaders have denied the link between HIV and AIDS, favoring alternate theories.The general global scientific community considers the evidence that HIV causes AIDS to be conclusive, thus completely rejecting any denial of such as pseudoscience.HIV/AIDS in Africa is one of the most important global public health issues of our time, and perhaps, in the history of mankind. While only comprising slightly under 15% of the total population of the world, Africans account for nearly 70% of those who live with HIV and are dying of AIDS.
For this to occur, there are necessary changes in the health sector, both cultural and monetary, which currently present huge challenges.
Still, the global response to HIV/AIDS has recently seen a substantial improvement, as funding has come from many sources, largely the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the US initiative known as PEPFAR.
The predictions yielded a full range of results, to include stability in infection rate and even a descent in cases in some regions.
Nonetheless, a strongly defined situation shows potential societal disaster in other regions, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa.
Unfortunately, these stances have significantly impeded progress of a variety of safe-sex campaigns.
Medical Suspicion Suspicions about modern medicine are common throughout the world, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
West Africa has been identified as the location of the first known incidents of AIDS, but the occurrences of the disease were shrouded in secrecy.
There are a number of hypotheses present in regard the origins of HIV, including a linking the disease to the preparation of bushmeat (wild animals, including primates, hunted for food) in Cameroon and early to mid-20th-century medical practices.
Cultural factors A large factor preventing people from getting tested and treated for HIV/AIDS is the cultural stigma associated with it.
In addition to stigma, there are several other factors medical professionals site as being detrimental to HIV treatment such as male promiscuity and polygamy in some places.