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A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. Try to organize it in terms of the rather than who did what when.The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad! Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction: Don’t put your readers to sleep by beginning your paper with the time-worn sentence, “Past research has shown (blah blah blah)” They’ll be snoring within a paragraph! In other words, your intro shouldn’t read like a story of “Schmirdley did such-and-such in 1991. Then....(etc.)” First, brainstorm all of the ideas you think are necessary to include in your paper.
•Title, your name, and Hamilton College are all double-spaced (no extra spaces) •Create a page header using the “View header” function in MS Word.
On the title page, the header should include the following: Flush left: Running head: THE RUNNING HEAD SHOULD BE IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS.
Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures.
Different types of information about your study are addressed in each of the sections, as described below.
No more than 120 words, one paragraph, block format (i.e., don’t indent), double-spaced. Provide overview of method, results, and discussion. Although you won’t go into the details of your study and hypotheses until the end of the intro, you should foreshadow your study a bit at the end of the first paragraph by stating your purpose briefly, to give your reader a schema for all the information you will present next.
The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. Your intro should be a logical flow of ideas that leads up to your hypothesis.If the design is particularly complicated (multiple IVs in a factorial experiment, for example), you might also include a separate Design subsection or have a “Design and Procedure” section.Note that in some studies (e.g., questionnaire studies in which there are many measures to describe but the procedure is brief), it may be more useful to present the Procedure section prior to the Materials section rather than after it. (e.g., money, extra credit points) Write for a broad audience. 280...” Rather, write (for instance), “Students in a psychological statistics and research methods course at a small liberal arts college….” Try to avoid short, choppy sentences.(Note: on the title page, you actually write the words “Running head,” but these words do not appear on subsequent pages; just the actual running head does.If you make a section break between the title page and the rest of the paper you can make the header different for those two parts of the manuscript). Use the toolbox to insert a page number, so it will automatically number each page. One way to begin (but not the only way) is to provide an example or anecdote illustrative of your topic area.Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat. Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how you want to transition between ideas.When an idea is complex, don’t be afraid to use a real-life example to clarify it for your reader.The entire paper should be written in the past tense, in a 12-point font, double-spaced, and with one-inch margins all around.•Title should be between 10-12 words and should reflect content of paper (e.g., IV and DV).DO NOT quote from the articles, instead paraphrase by putting the information in your own words.Be careful about citing your sources (see APA manual).