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Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker while his father, Earl Little, was a Baptist minister.
There he formed a burglary ring, with Sophia, her sister, and his friend Shorty.
Again, he got into trouble: first, with a friend of Sophia's white husband; then, with the police.
While Malcolm's critics point out Malcolm's extreme rhetoric, we cannot blame for Malcolm's extreme state of mind when we consider his extreme circumstances and the urgency of his message.
In fact, what appears to be "extreme" in the life of Malcolm X was in fact an appropriate response to the racist country he found himself in.
Burrow concedes (or admits) that Malcolm was at one time a racist, but that over time, especially after he returned from Mecca, an epiphany made Malcolm renounce his racist views.
Autobiography Malcolm X Thesis
His father was a devoted follower of Marcus Garvey, who was the Black Nationalist leader.In fact, Malcolm X was a self-taught historian who encouraged literacy, he was a warrior against the evils of white supremacy, he was a champion for black pride, and he was a man willing to die for his courageous commitment to his convictions.Although Malcolm X made some worthy contributions in the civil rights struggle, he was a failure as a leader because he spent too much time being devoted to the criminal Elijah Muhammad, he failed to make alliances with mainstream black leaders like Martin Luther King, and he was guilty of making racist, anti-Semitic, and misogynistic commentary.He was greatly influenced by a prisoner called Bimbi, a self-educated man who convinced Malcolm of the value of education.In the intervening years since leaving the eighth grade, Malcolm had forgotten how to read and write, but with Bimbi's tutelage and encouragement, he began to read and study, even taking correspondence courses in English and Latin.This job took him for the first time to New York City, and when he was fired from the railroad for wild behavior, he went to Harlem to live.He took a job as a waiter at Small's Paradise, a famous Harlem club, where he became acquainted with the elite of Harlem's underworld.Most of Malcolm's early life was spent in and about Lansing, Michigan, where the family lived on a farm.Although the Little family was poor, they were self-sufficient until Reverend Little's death in 1931.At the detention home, he received favored treatment (as a "mascot" of the white couple who operated the home), and rather than being sent on to reform school, he remained in the home through the eighth grade.In junior high school, Malcolm became an outstanding student and was very popular with his schoolmates.