Benedictine Essays

Benedictine Essays-11
There he probably wrote the majority of his monastic Rule and, according to Gregory, performed many miracles.Among the most famous is one that is said to have occurred during the well-documented visit of the Gothic King Totila to Monte Cassino in 542, for which Benedict reputedly prophesied the King's second sack of Rome and death within the next decade.

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Still persecuted by his more ambitious underlings, Benedict later traveled south and created his famous hilltop monastery, Monte Cassino, above the city of Cassino in the province of Campagna.

He resided at Monte Cassino for the remainder of his life as abbot of the monastery.

Biographical Information Most of what is known about Benedict's life comes from the second book of St.

Gregory the Great's Dialogues, which he devoted entirely to Benedict.

While there, Benedict experienced first-hand the decadence and vice of the waning Roman Empire.

Disgusted with what he saw, he left the capital city to join a loosely organized community of religious ascetics at Enfide (now the town of Affile).Among the best-preserved manuscripts is a transcription produced one century later at Aachen, Germany.In 1928 Dom Benno Linderbauer produced his critical text of the Rule in Latin, the S.Disharmony and an attempt on his life forced Benedict to return to the cave.Unable to maintain solitude, however, as word of his wisdom and sanctity spread throughout Italy, Benedict, with the assistance of his numerous disciples, formed a conglomeration of small monastic communities at Subiaco.The last seven chapters of the work appear to have been added sometime after Benedict had codified the prior sixty-six, and its prologue was most likely written last.The oldest extant copy is an Old English text that is preserved at the Bodleian Library at Oxford, England, and was probably written by Benedictine monks in Canterbury in the early eighth century. 540; Rule of Saint Benedict) outlines the ideals of life in a religious community of monks. Written during the decline of the Roman Empire and the nascent era of the Medieval papacy in Rome, the Regula Sancti Benedicti (c.In addition to many passages aimed at the spiritual edification of monks, Benedict's Rule also contains a great many mundane or bureaucratic pronouncements designed to assure that the Benedictine monastery runs smoothly and in accordance with the decree of God.Textual History Critics believe that Benedict drew on many sources for his Rule. Basil, and others, the Rule of Saint Benedict demonstrates a significant debt to the earlier treatise Regula magistri, or Rule of the Master, as well as to the thought of Abbot John Cassian of Marseilles.

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