It was previously known as Manic-Depression, but the title was misleading, as many people believed it was a form of depression.
Rather, every patient's experience with bipolar disorder varies from that of others with the condition.
But all of their experiences include features that fall into seven classes of phenotypes, or characteristics that can be observed, the team reports in a new paper in the . Prechter Bipolar Research Program, collected and analyzed tens of thousands of data points over years about the genetics, emotions, life experiences, medical histories, motivations, diets, temperaments, sleep patterns and thought patterns of research volunteers.
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After more than a decade of studying over 1,100 of them in-depth, a University of Michigan team has an answer -- or rather, seven answers.
In fact, they say, no one genetic change, or chemical imbalance, or life event, lies at the heart of every case of the mental health condition once known as manic depression.Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that includes at least one manic episode – characterized by elevated or agitated mood and often reduced need for sleep – accompanied by episodes of major depression.Nearly six million Americans have bipolar disorder, and most have probably wondered why.Deciding to disclose information about a non-obvious disability at work is complicated and potentially risky, no matter what you do for a living.For people with a mental health issue, like bipolar disorder…What we can learn in bipolar about all these factors will be directly applicable to monitoring other disorders, and personalizing the approach to managing them." The Prechter Bipolar Research Program is still recruiting participants for its long-term study, and accepting donations from those who want to help the research move forward. Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. Manji, Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, 1125 Trenton-Harbourton Road, E32000, Titusville, New Jersey 08560, USA.The degree to which people display these symptoms, as well as the length of the cycles between the symptoms, determines the sub-category of bipolar disorder. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS.More than 730 had bipolar disorder, and 277 didn't.Three-quarters of them are currently active research participants in the Longitudinal Study of Bipolar Disorder..