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In 1961, the Inter-Racial Service turned into the Urban Relationship Service and added inner-city children of all races.
The Scout Oath: "On my honor, I will do my best to do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout Law; To help other people at all times; To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight." This date celebrates the founding of America’s first "Negro Boy Scout" troop in 1911.
Initially started in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, opposition was encountered immediately, but troops continued to meet in increasing numbers.
Another problem with Program Outreach was that it often didn't distinguish between the boys it viewed as "less chance" and those who were simply not white.
For example, the program's reports categorize some scouts as “Feeble-minded, Delinquency Areas, Orphanages, and Settlements." Many of the scouts in "Delinquent Areas" were blacks, who were measured as "Special Troops." Instead of embracing black Scouting, the BSA systematically categorized blacks, bringing a literal meaning to "racial handicap" as the color of their skin was why they were considered "special." Scouting for minorities wasn't just confined to cities, Scouting in rural areas were also common.
In 1916, the first official Boy Scout Council-promoted Negro Troop 75 began in Louisville, KY.
By the next year, there were four official black troops in the area.In 1937, 57.9% of black Scouts were from these two regions.By the 1960s, with the industrialization of the South, the BSA shifted more towards urban expansion and improvement.By 1926, there were 248 all-black troops, with 4,923 black scouts and within ten years, there was only one Council in the entire South that refused to accept any black troops.During this time as more troops started up, the Inter-racial Committee was established in January of 1927, with Stanley Harris as its leader."The Boy Scouts of America] never drew the color line, but the movement stayed in step with the prevailing mores." Even so, there was only one integrated troop before 1954 in the Deep South compared to the frequent occurrence of integration in the North.Also, the Scouts in the South did not support social agencies that were allies of the BSA.Native Americans were also a large portion of the minority Scouts, and lived in settlements in rural areas.With the help of these programs, the two Southern Regions, Region V in Memphis and Region VI in Atlanta, had growth rates of 28.2% and 47.9%, respectively.Programs targeting gangs were unexpectedly successful, and in many cities as many as 25% of boys living in housing projects were enrolled in the Scouts, many former gang members.In the South, with the "separate but equal" mindset of the times, black troops were not treated equally.