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It refers to a situation in which the divisions and relationships of social inequality have solidified into a system that determines who gets what, when, and why.You may remember the word “stratification” from geology class.The consequence of that was to fall into a lifestyle that led to joining a gang, being kicked out of school, developing issues with addiction, and eventually getting arrested and incarcerated.
They too aspired to getting the money that would give them the freedom to make their own lives.
However, as one of the inmates put it, “the only job I ever had was selling drugs” (CBC, 2010).
These people make the decisions and earn the most money.
The majority of Canadians will never see the view from the top.
Social characteristics — differences, identities, and roles — are used to differentiate people and divide them into different categories, which have implications for social inequality.
Social differentiation by itself does not necessarily imply a division of individuals into a hierarchy of rank, privilege, and power.Choices are perhaps always “free” in some formal sense, but they are also always situated within one’s habitus.The Aboriginal gang members display a certain amount of street smarts that enable them to survive and successfully navigate their world.Street smarts define their habitus and exercise a profound influence over the range of options that are available for them to consider — the neighborhoods they know to avoid, the body languages that signal danger, the values of illicit goods, the motives of different street actors, the routines of police interactions, etc.The habitus affects both the options to conform to the group they identify with or deviate from it.Ted Rogers occupied a different habitus which established a fundamentally different set of options for him in his life path.How are the different lifeworlds or habitus distributed in society so that some reinforce patterns of deprivation while others provide the basis for access to wealth and power?His grandfather, Albert Rogers, was a director of Imperial Oil (Esso) and his father, Ted Sr., became wealthy when he invented an alternating current vacuum tube for radios in 1925. went from this invention to manufacturing radios, owning a radio station, and acquiring a licence for TV broadcasting. The family was still wealthy enough to send him to Upper Canada College, the famous private school that also educated the children from the Black, Eaton, Thompson, and Weston families.Ted seized the opportunity at Upper Canada to make money as a bookie, taking bets on horse racing from the other students.In many respects, he saw himself as a self-made billionaire who started from scratch, seized opportunities, and created a business through his own initiative.The story of Ted Rogers is not exactly a rags to riches one, however. was five years old, and the family businesses were sold. aside when he was eight and told him, “Ted, your business is to get the family name back” (Rogers, 2008).