After the Revolutionary War, he had observed in Massachusetts “a rage for paper money, for abolition of debts, for an equal division of property.” That populist rage had led to Shays’s Rebellion, which pitted a band of debtors against their creditors.
After the Revolutionary War, he had observed in Massachusetts “a rage for paper money, for abolition of debts, for an equal division of property.” That populist rage had led to Shays’s Rebellion, which pitted a band of debtors against their creditors.Madison referred to impetuous mobs as factions, which he defined in “Federalist No.Tags: Team Building Activities For Adults Problem SolvingResearch Proposal Topics In BusinessToronto Essay Medical SchoolSearching For A Research PaperGood Term Paper TopicsNew Essays On Catcher In The RyeHelp Writing A Strong Thesis StatementModel Research Papers From Across The DisciplinesObesity In In America Essays
“In all very numerous assemblies, of whatever characters composed, passion never fails to wrest the sceptre from reason,” he argued in The Federalist Papers, the essays he wrote (along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay) to build support for the ratification of the Constitution.
“Had every Athenian citizen been a Socrates, every Athenian assembly would still have been a mob.”Madison and Hamilton believed that Athenian citizens had been swayed by crude and ambitious politicians who had played on their emotions.
“The government cannot endure permanently if administered on a spoils basis.
If this form of corruption is permitted and encouraged, other forms of corruption will inevitably follow in its train.
He had spent the year before the Constitutional Convention reading two trunkfuls of books on the history of failed democracies, sent to him from Paris by Thomas Jefferson.
Madison was determined, in drafting the Constitution, to avoid the fate of those “ancient and modern confederacies,” which he believed had succumbed to rule by demagogues and mobs.
his Virginia estate, in 1836, one of the few Founding Fathers to survive into the democratic age of Andrew Jackson.
Madison supported Jackson’s efforts to preserve the Union against nullification efforts in the South but was alarmed by his populist appeal in the West.
The demagogue Cleon was said to have seduced the assembly into being more hawkish toward Athens’s opponents in the Peloponnesian War, and even the reformer Solon canceled debts and debased the currency.
In Madison’s view, history seemed to be repeating itself in America.