The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order. They were recruited by advertisement in a newspaper and were paid $4.50.
Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room.
Procedures The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor ("learner") every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced.
The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition.
Once the 300-volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released.
Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions.This means you're free to copy, share and adapt any parts (or all) of the text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link/reference to this page. You don't need our permission to copy the article; just include a link/reference back to this page.You can use it freely (with some kind of link), and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations (with clear attribution).In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders?The experiment: Say you have just conducted the Milgram Study. (Milgram actually waited two years before writing about his study.)Here's a shortened example of a research article that MIGHT have been written.DISCLAIMER: This article is not written by Stanley Milgram, but is intended as an example of a psychology research paper that someone might have written after conducting the first Milgram-study. Normally you would use double spacing in the paper.All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to 300 volts.Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter.Use care when choosing between the past and present tense.A good rule of thumb is to consider whether the principal context of your discussion is textual or historical.