Employee Motivation Review Of Literature

Employee Motivation Review Of Literature-74
In other words, our desires to perform a task are controlled by an outside source.Bruce and Pepitone (1999) propose an interesting viewpoint according to which managers cannot motivate employees; managers can only influence what employees are motivated to do.Specifically, Llopis (2012) reasons that unless employees achieve an adequate level of work-life balance in personal level, management investment on the level of employee motivation can be wasted. (2007) “Managing Employee Performance and Reward: Concepts, Practices, Strategies” Oxford University Press Thomas, K.

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The motivation for behavior may also be attributed to less- apparent reasons such as altruism or morality.

Motivation refers to the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of human behavior.

The individual has the desire to perform a specific task, because its results are in accordance with his belief system or fulfills a desire and therefore importance is attached to it.

Extrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivation means that the individual's motivational stimuli is coming from outside.

The motivation for behavior may also be attributed to less- apparent reasons such as altruism or morality. Porter proposed that “how behavior gets started, is energized, is sustained, is directed, is stopped and what kind of subjective reaction is present in the organization while all this is going on” Greenberg & Baron define motivation as, “The set of processes that arouse, direct, and maintain human behavior towards attaining some goal.” Halepota defines motivation as “a person’s active participation and commitment to achieve the prescribed results.” Steers proposed that “Never before and, some would argue, never since has so much progress been made in explicating the aetiology of work motivation” Young suggested that “motivation can be defined in a variety of ways, depending on who you ask . ...stablish the emotional connect to the cause of the role are likely to get more productivity. Challenge them When you challenge people, they respond with a vengeance.

Motivation refers to the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of human behavior. Ask some one on the street, you may get a response like “its what drives us” or “its what make us do the things we do.” Therefore motivation is the force within an individual that account for the level, directio... Ask people for better customer serving ideas, improving processes in manufacturing companies or even how to increase their day-to-day response time.

The role of facilitating quality subordinate-superior communication at various levels effectively employing a wide range of communication channels has been praised by Shields (2007) in terms of its positive contribution in boosting employee morale.

Shields (2007) stresses two specific advantages of such a practice that relate to offering employees a chance to raise their concerns and put across their points regarding various aspects of their jobs, as well as, supplying them with the feeling of engagement and appreciation.

Lockley (2012), on the other hand, addresses the same issue focusing on cross-cultural differences between employees in particular.

Namely, culture can be explained as knowledge, pattern of behaviour, values, norms and traditions shared by members of a specific group (Kreitner and Cassidy, 2012), and accordingly, cross-cultural differences is perceived to be a major obstruction in the way of successful employee motivation.

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