Essay Centre State Relation

Their recruitment, training, promotion, disciplinary matters are determined by the Central government.A member of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), on entry into the service is allotted a State, where he/she serves under a State government.Under Art 258(2), the Parliament is also entitled to use the state machinery for enforcement of the Union laws, and confer powers and entrust duties to the State.

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The Constitution has provided for devices to bring about inter-governmental cooperation, effective consultations between the Centre and States so that all important national policies are arrived at through dialogue, discussion and consensus.

One such device is the setting up of the Inter-State Council.

India is a federal state, a fusion of different states into a single unit.

Each component enjoys autonomy in several matters but is tied to the union in matters of common interest.

Though, it can be argued that the All India Services violate the principle of federalism, but such an arrangement, wherein a person belonging to the All India Service being responsible for administration of affairs, both at the Centre and States, brings cooperation in administration and helps to ensure uniformity of the administrative system throughout the country.

Currently, there are three All India Services, namely IAS, IPS and IFo S (the Indian Forest Service was created as the third All India Service in 1966 by Art.312).The strong central bias, however, is a boon that keeps India together even in the face of strong forces of separation raising their ugly heads every now and then in several parts of the country.While secession of any state is illegal under the constitution, it is the sacred duty of the central government to see that conditions in any state are not allowed to deteriorate to such an extent that controversial drastic steps need to be taken or a ‘surgery’ becomes essential.Many a time, the Centre fails to read or honour the proper aspirations of the people of a state in performing such surgical operations.This gives rise to unrest, violence and a feeling of distrust against the Center.In respect of matters in the Concurrent list, executive powers rest with the State, except when a constitutional provision or a Parliamentary law specifically confers it to the Centre.Besides the Central and State services, the Constitution under Article 312 provides for the creation of an additional “All-India Services“, common to both the Union and States.Similarly, political expediency should not guide their actions especially in matters pertaining to the appointment or removal of governors, dissolving or suspending of the elected state assemblies and placing the states under President’s rule.In case the successive Union governments fail to rise above or political considerations, in larger interests of the unity and integrity of the country, they might have to face the charge that their actions have been responsible for the dismemberment of the country.The handling of political situations in Goa, Jharkhand and Bihar by the UPA government and the removal of governors appointed during the NDA rule once again raised the issue of Centre-State Relations in the country.It is really unfortunate that political expediency rather than constitutional guarantees should govern the whims and actions of the party in power at the centre.


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