In a book-length piece, you should start a new series of notes (i.e. Every time the ideas, facts or opinions of another are used in a piece of work this must be acknowledged with a full reference.Whether a source is quoted directly or indirectly, paraphrased or summarised, it must be acknowledged with a footnote or endnote. Notes should include the minimum information necessary for a reader to find and consult your source.
What is your reader supposed to do if she doesn't recognize it — put your book down, go off to the library and find Halliday (1968), and read that book from cover to cover?
You should make every effort to make your work a pleasure to read.
If you can't do this, a horizontal line is permissible.
If a footnote is too long to fit at the bottom of its page, it may be continued at the bottom of the next page.
Generally, editors shall recommend parenthetical data to be put into footnotes which will serve as a way to keep the flow of the text all in one piece.
When footnotes are utilized accordingly, they can definitely be useful addition to content or as an immediate approach to indicate a quotation.Other material should, as far as possible, be included in the text.Footnotes should never be used as a means of getting round word limits by including information or argument in them that should be in the main text.It is easier for the writer to put all the footnotes at the end of the document, but of course this makes life harder for the reader, who is obliged to do a lot of fumbling about in order to find the footnotes.Exception: If you are preparing a work for publication, then you must put all the footnotes on separate pages at the end of your document; such notes are called endnotes.They are not to be held responsible for the use I make of the work here.If your footnotes are very few in number (and one hopes that they are), it is permissible to use symbols rather than numerals to flag them.The symbol most commonly used for this purpose is the asterisk (*): I do not recommend this, for two reasons.First, if you happen to be writing in a specialist field in which the asterisk is used for other purposes (as it is in mathematics and linguistics), then your reader may not immediately recognize what the asterisk is doing.Sadly, countless of students find the thought of writing endnotes and footnotes very challenging and because of this they just prefer to not include them in their papers.And, it is also due to this why some students obtain lower grades on their dissertations.