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As suggested earlier, Clophas/Alphaeus, Joseph’s brother, could have been named James.The four brothers names are James, Joseph, Judas, and Simon and if the theory held here to be true, Mary and James/Clophas/Alphaeus could be the parents of Judas.Painter tells us that the name James, derived from Jacob is used 60 times in the New Testament for up to eight different people.
The first three are without question different persons. Each seemingly separate reference to a different person is suggested to in fact be the same person.
Number four and five agree with the Clophas/Alphaeus scenario presented earlier (possibly a wink to the reader, sons of Clophas/Alphaeus – “oh yeah him”), guy number six fits in because the brothers of Jesus were James and Joseph, and number eight is clearly a representation of the brother of Jesus.
Discuss the basic issues involved in the various theories about James and the brothers of Jesus, with particular emphasis on James himself-who were they, who was their mother, who was their father, what relation might they have had to the Twelve, and what sense can one make of the multiple persons named “James” in the N. Many different theories exist pertaining to the brother of Jesus.
Two theories however dominate popular culture, one being the eastern view and the other being west.
Although Painter puts forth the 60 recordings of the name James as referring to eight different individuals, it is easier to condense these into five persons using clear links, rather than eight people using cryptic language.
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Discuss how the Gospels treat the entire issue of the “brothers of Jesus” with regard to their attitude and relation to him and his movement.The eastern view holds Mary to be a virgin not only at the time of the birth of Jesus, but remained so throughout her entire life.It goes on to portray a story of Joseph having the four so called brothers with another woman prior to Mary and brining them to the marriage.Clophas/Alphaeus would have wed Mary and produced the four brothers of Jesus; James, Joseph, Judas, and Simon (Mark 6:3).Another twist to this theory holds that the four brothers are actually part of the Twelve.Whenever the four brothers are listed, James always comes first.This would imply that he is the oldest, followed by Joseph.Mark 6:3 is the core verse regarding the manes of the four brothers.Later in Mark 6:4 Jesus says, “prophets are not without honor…except among their own kin.” Taken literally, one can assume the author here is meaning kin as Jesus’ brothers.Relying on the Clophas/Alphaeus connection, one can draw that James the son of Alphaeus is James (Luke ), Matthew is Joseph (Luke ), Judas son of James is Judas (Luke ), and Simon the Zealot is Simon (Luke ).One may question the Judas son of James aspect of the theory and it is accounted for by suggesting Clophas/Alphaeus’s name was James.