It is your responsibility to ensure that you are entirely clear about the extent of collaboration permitted, and which parts of the work must be your own.
Inaccurate citation It is important to cite correctly, according to the conventions of your discipline. in a bibliography), you must indicate, using a footnote or an in-text reference, where a quoted passage comes from.
Paraphrasing Paraphrasing the work of others by altering a few words and changing their order, or by closely following the structure of their argument, is plagiarism if you do not give due acknowledgement to the author whose work you are using.
A passing reference to the original author in your own text may not be enough; you must ensure that you do not create the misleading impression that the paraphrased wording or the sequence of ideas are entirely your own.
Cutting and pasting from the Internet without clear acknowledgement Information derived from the Internet must be adequately referenced and included in the bibliography.
It is important to evaluate carefully all material found on the Internet, as it is less likely to have been through the same process of scholarly peer review as published sources.Title of Book, discussed in Wilson, E., Title of Book (London, 2004), p. Failure to acknowledge assistance You must clearly acknowledge all assistance which has contributed to the production of your work, such as advice from fellow students, laboratory technicians, and other external sources.This need not apply to the assistance provided by your tutor or supervisor, or to ordinary proofreading, but it is necessary to acknowledge other guidance which leads to substantive changes of content or approach.It is better to write a brief summary of the author’s overall argument in your own words, indicating that you are doing so, than to paraphrase particular sections of his or her writing.This will ensure you have a genuine grasp of the argument and will avoid the difficulty of paraphrasing without plagiarising.Once you have grasped the principles of source use and citation, you should find it relatively straightforward to steer clear of plagiarism.Moreover, you will reap the additional benefits of improvements to both the lucidity and quality of your writing.Identical pieces of work submitted concurrently will also be considered to be auto-plagiarism. It is a principle of intellectual honesty that all members of the academic community should acknowledge their debt to the originators of the ideas, words, and data which form the basis for their own work.Passing off another’s work as your own is not only poor scholarship, but also means that you have failed to complete the learning process.It applies equally to published text and data drawn from books and journals, and to unpublished text and data, whether from lectures, theses or other students’ essays.You must also attribute text, data, or other resources downloaded from websites.