It shared the Assembly and Court with the Coal and Steel Community, but set up parallel bodies for the Council and Commission.
In the East, the Soviet Union had installed dictatorial governments, controlling East Germany, and the rest of Eastern Europe.
Although Stalin died in 1953 and the new general secretary Nikita Khrushchev had denounced him in 1956, The EU evolved from the Coal and Steel Community of 6 member states, to a union of 28 member states in 2013.
Its theory was simply that war would be impossibly costly if ownership and production of every country's economy was mixed together.
It established an Assembly (now the European Parliament) to represent the people, a Council of Ministers for the member states, a Commission as the executive, and a Court of Justice to interpret the law.
In the Renaissance, medieval trade flourished in organisations like the Hanseatic League, stretching from English towns like Boston and London, to Frankfurt, Stockholm and Riga.
These traders developed the lex mercatoria, spreading basic norms of good faith and fair dealing through their business.According to its Court of Justice, the EU represents "a new legal order of international law".The EU's legal foundations are the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, unanimously agreed by the governments of 28 member states.European Union law is the system of laws operating within the member states of the European Union.The EU has political institutions and social and economic policies.Spain also applied and was rejected as it was still led by the Spanish State.The same year, the Court of Justice proclaimed that the Community constituted a "new legal order of international law".Even then, the English Civil War broke out and the tensions did not fully end until the Glorious Revolution of 1688, by Parliament inviting William and Mary of Orange from Holland to the throne, and passing the Bill of Rights 1689.In 1693 William Penn, a Quaker from London who founded Pennsylvania in North America, argued that to prevent ongoing wars in Europe a "European dyet, or parliament" was needed.A referendum in the UK of 51.89% to leave, 48.11% to remain, on a 72.21% turnout in June 2016 led the Prime Minister to resign, and left the UK's membership uncertain.In the West, the decision was made through Treaty of Rome 1957 to launch the first European Economic Community.