Language in essay must be simple and clear with as little jargon as possible. Long, winding sentences makes it difficult to read and understand.If you want to use complex definitional terms such as, say, ‘Constitutionalism’ or ‘Sanskritisation’ please define it in sentence just before you use it. If you tack on one clause after another through conjunctions, what you get is a bad sentence sprawl.This ideological clash between the superpowers led to several proxy wars, a nuclear arms race and a rapid deterioration of world security.
In the Essay paper, they give you 4-5 essays and you’ve to write only one. In a 2 marker question, UPSC specifically mentions that answer it in 20 words. Once you’re done adding everything that you can think about, regarding the essay- then give those topics, order of preference. The order is very important, just like in wedding parties you start with Soup…dal-roti and…Ice cream in the end. / administration (I mean the frontline and The Hindu’s stand) 3.
So with that logic, you’re expected to write an essay containing around 2000 words for the 200 marks. However I can still try to add it in the conclusion like But when Examiner doesn’t find the mention of Champaran in the initial pages, then he gets an impression you forgot it = less marks. The order should be everything has to be written in its place. (know that it’s the democracy that’s allowing you to criticize it) so you should never justify certain solution to India’s problems. Seeing negative sides with out suggesting reforms in it.
First timers think they will write an excellent essay in the final exam itself, whereas experienced aspirants believe that since they had already studied a ton for GS, it will alone be enough to write a good essay. I was one of those who made these errors in the past, and it is not a coincidence that I scored only 100 in CSE 2015.
But in 2017, I devoted adequate time to this paper.
The best way to build your vocabulary is by reading non-fiction and English newspapers. Here, at the end of a para, you write a sentence that signals to the examiner what’s coming next.
While reading these, if you come across a good turn of phrase, or a word that you don’t recognise, please note it down in a book, find its meaning and understand the context in which the word was used. For example, let’s say you have just written a para about the threat posed by Artificial Intelligence (AI) to jobs.) Essay is not something that can be learned reading one book or reading for 1 month.It’s a continuous and long process takes some diverse reading before you’ve enough content to write something decent and something big enough to fill 20 pages to fetch 100 marks. I wrote it only from the foriegn policy and law-n-order point of view, without seeing the cultural -historical contexts. Moral of the story: do try to see different angles of the subject and give a thorough thought before you start writing.Essay distinguishes itself from GS in the sense that in GS, marks will be awarded purely for content.But in essay, examiners will pay special attention to not just the content, but also the language, coherence and the way you organise your write-up.But then again you need enough ‘content’ to write 1500 words else the padding route=digging your own grave.And there are enough toppers who wrote the non-technical essay and still got in the top-merit list so as usual for every generalisation made about UPSC, you’ll find a counter example!Its Easier to criticize a non working things than to fix it.(Remember this all time during essay.) Donot give filmy solutions to real life problems.I collected useful quotes, prepared notes and even made rough essay drafts for frequently asked topics.All this effort in essay paper helped me score 155.