On that same day Mountbatten was killed, the Provisional IRA also killed eighteen British Army soldiers from the Parachute Regiment.
In 1984, two years after the end of the hunger strikes, bombs were let off in Brighton during a party conference, almost killing Margaret Thatcher herself, which certainly helped in bringing the situation in Ireland home.
In an on-going battle with the British government, the prisoners of the H Block in Maze Prison started the dirty and blanket protests.
This would inevitably lead to the hunger strikes, as previous the protests were of no real concern to the British Government.
Ireland has a history riddled in violence and struggle between Protestants and Catholics and whether or not to remain under control of the British Government. Middle It was not just the IRA prisinoners and Sinn Fein politicians who felt there was injustice in Northern Ireland.