theater or book reviews), literature reviews steer clear of opinion statements.
Instead, they summarize and critically assess a body of scholarly literature from a relatively objective perspective.
Literature reviews are typically organized in some way (chronological, thematic, methodological).
In essence, a literature review identifies, evaluates and synthesises the relevant literature within a particular field of research.
Even if you’re in the early stages of your research and just beginning to conduct a literature review, it’s useful to consider the eventual role that your review will play within your thesis and the way it functions to orient your readers.
Conducting a literature review is an ongoing, non-linear, and iterative process.“Your literature review will inform your question, theory, and methods, and your question, theory, and methods will help set the parameters of your literature review.It illuminates how knowledge has evolved within the field, highlighting what has already been done, what is generally accepted, what is emerging and what is the current state of thinking on the topic.In addition, within research-based texts such as a Doctoral thesis, a literature review identifies a research gap (i.e.This is a cyclical process.” (O’Leary 2010, p.83)It is usually one of the first tasks that graduate research students undertake, and one of the last to be completed.A literature review written in the early stages of research is likely to change because you need to review and revise it from time to time and ensure it is up to date.A literature review summarizes and synthesizes the existing scholarly research on a particular topic.Literature reviews are a form of academic writing commonly used in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities.Then you will analyse, evaluate and synthesise the texts before organising them into a logical structure that you will use to write your literature review.This is a cyclical, iterative process in that you will return to find and read more sources and incorporate them into your synthesis.However, your literature review does not need to be inclusive of every article and book that has been written on your topic because that will be too broad.Rather, it should include the key sources related to the main debates, trends and gaps in your research area.