The full search plan for the review is included as an “”.
Eligibility criteria for inclusion in the review were broad.
These themes were assessed according to the frequency with which they recurred in the literature, particularly across documents on different topics.
For example, marginalisation featured in discussions on poverty, health, nutrition, education and child labour. One completed the preliminary search, selected documents for review, read and took notes.The project’s scope was broad rather than deep: the intention was to use literature from different disciplines to identify the range of factors which could impact on children’s wellbeing, and to describe themes which recur across disciplines and world regions, in order to provide a context within which to understand the condition of children in mountainous environments and suggest themes for further investigation.Web searches were used to identify documents from a variety of sources: peer-reviewed journals covering a range of disciplines, and reports from research centres, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and United Nations (UN) agencies.The aim of this review was to test whether the existing literature confirms Ives’ view that children in mountainous environments in low- and middle-income countries are disadvantaged compared with lowland children in the same country or region.Based on his description of the “mountain problematique”, a wide variety of interconnected factors impacting on mountain children was anticipated.While this broad-scale review represents a modest first step, its findings provide the basis for further investigation.The review compares literature from across disciplines and geographical locations to look at the effect on children of growing up in a mountainous environment.The objective was to identify and gather evidence which could provide insights into how growing up in a mountainous environment affects children.Specifically, the review hoped to identify, first, how and why such children may be materially affected and, second, crosscutting themes in authors’ discussions of these impacts.The significance is in the finding of common themes across the literature, which tend to confirm the broad applicability of Ives’ description of a “mountain problematique” [: Geographic specificity is important in understanding mountain poverty and most of the literature reviewed here focuses on specific geographic areas and the local determinants of poverty.However this review takes a comparative perspective in order to examine whether mountainous environments also have a general effect on child poverty.] two decades ago is intensifying.