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He was educated at Charterhouse School, where he first met Richard Steele, and at The Queen's College, Oxford.
Joseph Addison ( – 17 June 1719) was an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician.
He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison.
General George Washington sponsored a performance of Cato for the Continental Army during the difficult winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge. Miller, "no single work of literature may have been more important than Cato" for the leaders of the American revolution.
In 1789, Edmund Burke quoted the play in a letter to Charles-Jean-François Depont entitled Reflections on the revolution in France, saying that the French people may yet be obliged to go through more changes and "to pass, as one of our poets says, 'through great varieties of untried being,'" before their state obtains its final form.
Later, he helped form the Kitcat Club and renewed his friendship with Richard Steele.
In 1709, Steele began to publish the Tatler, and Addison became a regular contributor.
In 1693, he addressed a poem to John Dryden, and his first major work, a book of the lives of English poets, was published in 1694.
His translation of Virgil's Georgics was published in the same year.
In 1711 they began The Spectator; its first issue appeared on 1 March 1711.
This paper, which was originally a daily, was published until 20 December 1714, interrupted for a year by the publication of The Guardian in 1713.