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Here is the final nested IF formula in action: Video: How to make a nested IF to assign grades Many formulas are solved from the inside out, because "inner" functions or expressions must be solved first for the rest of the formula to continue.
When you select an expression in the formula bar and press the F9 key, Excel solves just the part selected.
This is a powerful way to confirm what a formula is really doing .
You can find Evaluate on the Formulas tab of the ribbon (Alt M, V).
Unfortunately, the Mac version of Excel doesn't contain the Evaluate feature, but you can still use the F9 trick below.
The MONTH function takes that date and returns the current month.
Even moderately complex formulas use nesting frequently, so you'll see nesting everywhere in more complex formulas.
For example, to assign grades in a "low to high" order, we can represent the solution needed in the following table.
Note there is no condition for "A", because once we've run through all the other conditions, we know the score must be greater than 95, and therefore an "A".
Note the square brackets...these mean the arguments are optional.
But one IF often leads to another, and once you combine more than a couple IFs, your formulas can start to look like little Frankensteins :) Are nested IFs evil? Before we talk about nested IF, let's quickly review the basic IF structure: The IF function runs a test and performs different actions depending on whether the result is true or false.